Category: Css word break hyphen

The hyphens property defines whether hyphenation is allowed to create more soft wrap opportunities within a line of text. If you want to report an error, or if you want to make a suggestion, do not hesitate to send us an e-mail:. Example Set different hyphenations: div. Default value: manual Inherited: yes Animatable: no. Property hyphens Value Description none Words are not hyphenated manual Default.

Read about initial inherit Inherits this property from its parent element. Read about inherit.

word-break

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Dealing with long words in CSS

Inherits this property from its parent element.Learn Development at Frontend Masters. The word-break property in CSS can be used to change when line breaks ought to occur. Normally, line breaks in text can only occur in certain spaces, like when there is a space or a hyphen.

One very common example is a long copy and pasted URL. If that URL has no hyphens, it can extend beyond the parent box and look bad or worse, cause layout problems. This property is also often used in conjunction with the hyphens property so that when breaks occur a hypen is inserted, as per the standard in books.

Using these properties on the universal selector can be useful if you have a site with a lot of user-generated content.

This browser support data is from Caniusewhich has more detail. A number indicates that browser supports the feature at that version and up. Frontend Masters is the best place to get it.

And is there hyphens property in the css specification? Apparently the support in Firefox should be nope, instead of yep. Firefoc Safari and Chrome do. For Firefox to support automatic hyphenation the word-break behavior must be set to normal.

Hyphenation is not supported in Chrome. You can break words in Chrome, without breaking Firefox by using the Chrome-specific notation word-break: break-word. Check out this codepen in both Firefox and Chrome.

Is there a way to have a word wrap only if it overflows the line? Instead of just having every word at the end of the line break, regardless of length?The web consists of content, content consists of words and words can be long, very long. Everyone involved with the web will sooner or later have to deal with long words. I also tested Safari 5. Furthermore, hyphens is language-sensitive.

You have to define the lang attribute on the parent element and you should be aware that non-english languages are not supported very well across browsers. You could also use a JavaScript library like Hyphenator. The downside is that you have to load a lot of extra JavaScript and especially for longer text it will hurt the performance.

Browser support: CSS word-break is supported in every browserexcept from Opera Mini and old presto-based Opera browsers. I also found some bugs when using word-break in combination with hyphens — more on that later.

The next solution is using word-wrap overflow-wrapanother property to specify whether or not the browser may break lines within words. Browser support: Text-overflow is supported in every major browser. While this technique sounds like a good fit at a first glance it comes with disadvantages.

First of all it will truncate every text after one line even if you use short words which would fit perfectly and would break in more lines. Furthermore, words could be truncated in a way that the original word will get another meaning — which may be funny at best or offensive at worst.

If you really need it do it on the server side and only truncate after full words. When searching the web you probably will find the following solution :. As browser support for overflow-wrap is fantastic I tested the following, using overflow-wrap and hyphens:. This solution will show hyphens for every browser supporting it and will break lines in every other browser — perfect. Update There are two reasons. If you like this article, please consider visiting my Amazon Wishlist or donating via PayPal to show your support.

You can even buy me a coffee! Hyphens The first solution for long words is using hyphens. Overflow-wrap The next solution is using word-wrap overflow-wrapanother property to specify whether or not the browser may break lines within words.

Ellipsis Another option to handle long words is truncating. As browser support for overflow-wrap is fantastic I tested the following, using overflow-wrap and hyphens: Final solution.The word-break CSS property sets whether line breaks appear wherever the text would otherwise overflow its content box. The source for this interactive example is stored in a GitHub repository. The word-break property is specified as a single keyword chosen from the list of values below. Note: In contrast to word-break: break-word and overflow-wrap: break-word see overflow-wrapword-break: break-all will create a break at the exact place where text would otherwise overflow its container even if putting an entire word on its own line would negate the need for a break.

Get the latest and greatest from MDN delivered straight to your inbox. Sign in to enjoy the benefits of an MDN account. Initial value normal Applies to all elements Inherited yes Media visual Computed value as specified Animation type discrete Canonical order the unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar. The compatibility table on this page is generated from structured data. Prefixed Notes. Last modified: Jun 23,by MDN contributors. Related Topics.

CSS CSS Reference CSS Text Properties hanging-punctuation hyphens letter-spacing line-break overflow-wrap paint-order tab-size text-align text-align-last text-indent text-justify text-size-adjust text-transform white-space word-break word-spacing.

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css word break hyphen

Sign in with Github Sign in with Google. Chrome Full support 1. Edge Full support Firefox Full support IE Full support 5. Full support 8 Prefixed Notes Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -ms- Notes Don't use -ms-word-breakwhich is a synonym for word-break. Opera Full support Safari Full support 3. Chrome Android Full support Firefox Android Full support Opera Android Full support Safari iOS Full support 2. Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.

IE No support No. Chrome Full support Safari Full support 9.

WebView Android Full support Safari iOS Full support 9. Samsung Internet Android Full support 4.Learn Development at Frontend Masters.

The hyphens property controls hyphenation of text in block level elements. You can prevent hyphenation from happening at all, allow it, or only allow it when certain characters are present. Note that hyphens is language-sensitive. Its ability to find break opportunities depends on the language, defined in the lang attribute of a parent element.

Not all languages are supported yet, and support depends on the specific browser. Words are never hyphenated at line breaks, even if characters inside the word suggest where hyphenation could or should go. Words are only broken at line breaks where there are characters inside the word that suggest line break opportunities. There are two characters that suggest line break opportunity:. Words can be broken at appropriate hyphenation points either as determined by hyphenation characters see above inside the word or as determined automatically by a language-appropriate hyphenation resource if supported by the browser or provided via hyphenation-resource.

Conditional hyphenation characters inside a word, if present, take priority over automatic resources when determining hyphenation points within the word.

The demo below has a bunch of paragraphs and everything is set to hyphens: auto; to demonstrate the concept of hyphenation. The lang attribute is set to en on the parent element. This browser support data is from Caniusewhich has more detail. A number indicates that browser supports the feature at that version and up.

How To Turn Hyphenation On Or Off In Microsoft Word

Chrome -webkit-hyphens: nonewhich is the default value, but none of the other values. In Firefox and Internet Explorer, automatic hyphenation only works for some languages defined with the lang attribute. See this note for a comprehensive list of supported languages. If you are writing a web-based document that really need hyphenation, you can use Hyphenator.

Frontend Masters is the best place to get it.

A look at CSS hyphenation in 2019

Had someone any experience with this? Hyphenation works in Chrome on iOS devices because it is using mobile Safari to render web pages. Awesome — thanks! I like you. Just saw a page today with odd breaks while using Chrome. So I did a search on what could going on and found this informative article. For reference to others who come across this article, it seems Chrome still does not support hyphens :.

I added this to my website in November I was able to justify text and it looked much better and was more readable. Then I tried it in Chrome.

css word break hyphen

What a disaster. I had to turn off justification because it looks awful in Chrome. There were also issues with the number of words browsers could hyphenate in a paragraph that typographers would not like. When is Chrome going to support hyphenation? They are behind Firefox, IE, and Safari mobile and desktop. For me, -ms-word-break: break-all just broke the words anywhere within the word and the -ms-hyphens:auto; had no affect.

This needs to be updated.I recently worked on a web site which used big headlines as in font-size and also is available in German. So, I reread an article I wrote almost four years ago about Dealing with long words and implemented the final solution. This seemed to still work great, but there were some issues with this approach. Support for CSS Hyphenation is pretty good. As you probably want to break words and not the layout in unsupported browsers I recommend the following.

This way all words will be hyphenated in supported browsers and will break into new lines in unsupported browsers. The biggest problem we had with Hyphenation was that it simple hyphenates too often. It also makes the text harder to read and therefore a little bit less accessible. This is because, unless the UA user agent is able to calculate a better value, it is suggested that hyphens: auto means two for before and after, and five for the word total. I am not sure why they came up with this default values, but here we are now having them.

There is a solution though already defined in the specification — The hyphenate-limit-chars property. It specifies the minimum number of characters in a hyphenated word and thus we can use it to override the default value of 5 word length 2 before break 2 after break.

It would be really great to get better support for hyphenate-limit-chars — so please let your favorite browser s know that you want it — thanks!

Here is the issue for Chromium and here for Firefox.

Prevent line-break with hyphenated words

As you can see support for CSS Hyphenation is pretty solid in Update from If you like this article, please consider visiting my Amazon Wishlist or donating via PayPal to show your support. You can even buy me a coffee! Too much Hyphenation The biggest problem we had with Hyphenation was that it simple hyphenates too often.The hyphens CSS property specifies how words should be hyphenated when text wraps across multiple lines.

css word break hyphen

It can prevent hyphenation entirely, hyphenate at manually-specified points within the text, or let the browser automatically insert hyphens where appropriate. The source for this interactive example is stored in a GitHub repository. Hyphenation rules are language-specific. In HTML, the language is determined by the lang attribute, and browsers will hyphenate only if this attribute is present and the appropriate hyphenation dictionary is available.

In XML, the xml:lang attribute must be used. Note: The rules defining how hyphenation is performed are not explicitly defined by the specification, so the exact hyphenation may vary from browser to browser. The hyphens property is specified as a single keyword value chosen from the list below. Note: The auto setting's behavior depends on the language being properly tagged to select the appropriate hyphenation rules.

You must specify a language using the lang HTML attribute to guarantee that automatic hyphenation is applied in that language. There are two Unicode characters used to manually specify potential line break points within text:. This example uses three classes, one for each possible configuration of the hyphens property.

Get the latest and greatest from MDN delivered straight to your inbox. Sign in to enjoy the benefits of an MDN account. The compatibility table on this page is generated from structured data. Prefixed Notes. Last modified: Dec 22,by MDN contributors. Related Topics. CSS CSS Reference CSS Text Properties hanging-punctuation hyphens letter-spacing line-break overflow-wrap paint-order tab-size text-align text-align-last text-indent text-justify text-size-adjust text-transform white-space word-break word-spacing.

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css word break hyphen

Sign up now. Sign in with Github Sign in with Google. Full support 13 Prefixed Notes Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit- Notes Only -webkit-hyphens: none is supported. Firefox Full support 43 Full support 43 Full support 6 Prefixed Notes Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -moz- Notes Automatic hyphenation only works for languages with hyphenation dictionaries that are integrated into Firefox.

Safari Full support 5. Firefox Android Full support 43 Full support 43 Full support 6 Prefixed Notes Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -moz- Notes Automatic hyphenation only works for languages with hyphenation dictionaries that are integrated into Firefox. Opera Android Full support Safari iOS Full support 4. Samsung Internet Android Full support 6. Chrome No support No. Edge No support No. Firefox Full support 8.


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